EGEL
Energy GeoEngineering Laboratory

Energy and Quality of Life

Energy and Quality of Life

​Pasten, C. and Santamarina, J. C. (2012). "Energy and Quality of Life." Energy Policy, Vol. 49, No. 0, pp. 468-476
​Pasten, C. and Santamarina, J. C.
Energy conservation, Quality of life, Energy consumption
2012
Energy is required to sustain life. A human-centered analysis of the worldwide energy situation is conducted in terms of quality of life-related variables that are affected, but not directly determined, by energy consumption. Data since 1980 show a continuous global increase in both energy consumption and quality of life, and lower population growth in countries with higher quality of life. Based on these trends, we advance non-linear energy consumption predictions and identify various plausible scenarios to optimally steer future energy demands, in order to maximize quality of life. The scenarios consider the coupling between energy consumption rate per capita, quality of life, population growth, social inequality, and governments’ energy-for-life efficiency. The results show the energy cost of increasing quality of life in the developing world, energy savings that can be realized by limiting overconsumption without impacting quality of life, and the role of governments on increasing energy- for-life efficiency and reducing social inequality.