Valdes, J. R. and Santamarina, J. C. (2003). "Bio-Inspired Particulate Filters." 16th ASCE Engineering Mechanics Conference, Seattle
The filtration of particulates through a porous medium is controlled by particle-level forces and geometrical constraints (e.g., pore throat -to- migratory particle size ratios). A comparison between biological filters found in living organisms and mineral filters found in the geo-environment suggests the manipulation of material parameters for filtration control.
Fines migrationfiltersrubber chipspore throat control