Soil Response to Repetitive Changes in Pore WaterPressure under Deviatoric Loading

by Park, J, Santamarina, J.C
Article Year: 2020


Park, J., and Santamarina, J.C.Soil Response to Repetitive Changes in Pore-Water Pressure under Deviatoric Loading. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering


Soils often experience repetitive changes in pore water pressure. This study explores the volumetric and shear response of contractive and dilative sand specimens subjected to repetitive changes in pore water pressure, under constant deviatoric stress in a triaxial cell. The evolution towards a terminal void ratio eT characterizes the volumetric response. The terminal void ratio eT for pressure cycles falls below the critical state line, between emin < eT < ecs. Very dense specimens only dilate if they reach high stress obliquity ηmax during pressurization. The terminal void ratios for very dense and medium dense specimens do not converge to a single trend. The shear deformation may stabilize at shakedown, or continue in ratcheting mode. The maximum stress obliquity ηmax is the best predictor of the asymptotic state; shakedown prevails in all specimens subjected to stress obliquity ηmax < 0.95 · ηcs and ratcheting takes place when the maximum stress obliquity approaches or exceeds ηmax ≥ 0.95 · ηcs. Volumetric and shear strains can accumulate when the strain level during pressure cycles exceeds the volumetric threshold strain (about 5 × 10−4 in this study). A particle-level analysis of contact loss and published experimental data show that the threshold strain increases with confinement p0 o.


ratcheting pore water pressure cycle Shakedown stress obliquity terminal void ratio